CategoryNoteworthy Cases - Philip Garrow LLC

Are You Entitled to Work Disability from Your On-The-Job Injury

In a case handled by Garrow Law, the claimant is to receive a work disability award because he has not returned to his regular “at-injury” job.  The claimant did not receive work disability because the employer’s job analysis did not not accurately describe all the duties of his job at injury. Affidavits from the claimant and a coworker showed that he did work activities that were heavier than in the job description.  He did the heavier duties on a steady, customary basis.  After his shoulder injury, he was restricted to lifting no more than 50 pounds from the floor to waist, no more than 10 pounds for above waist lifting, and he was to do no repetitive lifting.

The insurer first closed the claim with no award for work disability.  The closure was set aside because there was not enough information to close the claim.  There was no job analysis or description of the physical requirements of claimant’s “at-injury” regular work that the claimant had agreed to and that had been approved by the attending physician. At the insurer’s request, a vocational consultant had prepared a job analysis, which described the job as having minimal lifting duties with limited “field” work.  The claimant disagreed with the analysis since it did not include his “at-injury” job duties of removing/installing heavy windows.  The consultant would not  include these “carpentry” duties in the analysis, says that if the claimant did this, it was not part of his job description and he was doing this on his own.  The insurer again closed the claim but again did not award work disability.

Based on affidavits from the claimant  and a coworker that showed that the “at-injury” job required carpentry duties occasionally involving lifting/carrying windows in excess of 50 pounds.   Claimant was then awarded work disability because he had not returned to his regular work, and he was to receive a penalty. The Board also said that the claimant was entitled to a penalty because the insurer had known about the disagreement about the claimant’s duties when it closed the claim.

If you have questions about your Oregon Workers’ Compensation claim, please contact the law office of Philip H. Garrow

Oregon Workers’ Compensation Denial of Medical Services

Shelf full of law cases books

We recently helped a workers’ compensation client receive needed medical services which had been wrongly denied by her employer.  In Jeld-Wen v. Cooper,  the Oregon Court of Appeals agreed that the Workers’ Compensation Board correctly said that the employer’s denial of medical services was an invalid denial of future treatment, because our client,  the injured worker, had not submitted a bill for medical treatment and had not actually required medical services. The employer unlawfully attempted to close the worker’s claim and deny her future care. The Court agreed with the Board that the employer acted wrongly and reinstated Ms. Cooper’s right to treatment. If you have received a denial of medical services or need other assistance with your Oregon workers’ compensation claim, please contact the law office of Philip H. Garrow

Clarify Your Job at Injury in your Oregon Workers’ Compensation Claim

Women in pain from on-the-job wrist injury

In a recent case decided by the Workers’ Compensation Board, an injured worker was awarded additional money for permanent disability because the workers’ compensation insurance company misapplied the law and failed to award the proper amount of disability benefits.  The injured worker was also entitled to a penalty (in this case, an additional 25% of her award) because of the insurance company’s claim processing errors.

The injured worker had an on-the-job wrist injury.  Her attending physician had restricted her to light duty lifting in her “at-injury” position as a cook/kitchen helper when he released her to return to work.  However, the insurance company gave the physician an inaccurate  job description, which said that the job the worker was doing at the time of her injury only required light lifting.  Based on this incorrect information, the doctor said the worker was released to her regular work, thereby reducing the worker’s disability award.  The  insurance company closed the claim giving the injured worker some permanent impairment, but no work disability benefits based on her “regular” work release.  When the Worker’s Compensation Department reconsidered the closure, the claimant offered an affidavit that explained that her lifting requirements at her “at-injury” job were heavy, rather than light.  She was then awarded work disability, as well as a penalty.

The insurer objected to the penalty and argued that it had no reason to question the job description that it gave to the attending physician until after the claimant had given her affidavit during the reconsideration proceeding.  The Workers’ Compensation Board affirmed her work disability award and the penalty because if the insurer was uncertain at the time of claim closure exactly what the attending physician had said about the claimant’s disability, it could have simply requested clarification from the physician.  The insurer’s “mistake” would have cost the worker a substantial amount of disability benefits if she had not challenged the insurer’s closure of her claim.

It is always a good idea to have an experienced workers’ compensation attorney review your case to look for errors or omissions by the insurance company.  There is never any charge for a case evaluation.  If you have any questions regarding your Oregon workers’ compensation claim, please contact the law office of Philip H. Garrow

Permanent Disability versus Preexisting Condition

In a recent decision,  the Worker’s Compensation  Board disagreed with a reduction in an injured worker’s disability award.  A Medical Arbiter, appointed to evaluate a worker’s permanent disability, had reduced the injured worker’s  award because he thought that 50% of the worker’s reduced range of motion was due to a preexisting condition. Oregon law states that when an injured worker has a preexisting condition that is either arthritis, or another condition that was diagnosed and treated before the work injury, the amount of permanent disability is “apportioned,”  or reduced, by the amount of contribution from the preexisting condition.  The Board said that the worker’s preexisting spondylosis was not a legally recognized preexisting condition that would allow for a reduction and the State did not accurately apply the law. The Board increased the worker’s disability award accordingly.

If you have any questions regarding your Oregon workers’ compensation claim, contact the law office of Philip H. Garrow

Insurance company has to follow the rules!

The Oregon Workers’ Compensation law has very strict time limits for appealing insurance company denials.  Injured workers who do not file timely appeals can lose all their rights and benefits.  The insurance companies must also follow the rules.  In a recent ruling, the Workers’ Compensation Board said that an injured worker’s request for hearing was timely even though it that was mailed after the 60 day deadline had passed.  This was because the insurer had mailed the denial to the wrong address.  The Board said that the injured worker had a good reason for the late request for hearing because he did not receive the denial in the way the law requires.  When the post office returned the denial to the insurer with notice of the correct address, the insurer did not re-mail the denial as is should have.  Therefore, even though the injured worker eventually received the denial one week before the appeal deadline, it was still not properly served on him so that his appeal filed a week after the deadline was accepted.

If you have received a denial on your workers’ compensation case or have questions regarding an on-the-job injury, contact the law office of Philip H. Garrow

Curative Treatment?

Thanks to the efforts of the Garrow Law firm, the court has issued a more important decision helping injured workers:

In SAIF v. Camarena, 264 Or App 400 (2014),SAIF claimed the injured worker was not entitled to have his claim reopened for his back strain.  The claim had been closed for more than 5 years so there was a requirement that the injured worker must be receiving “curative” treatment  order to reopen the claim and pay disability benefits.  The court agreed that the medical records showed  that the injured worker was not “medically stationary” and that his condition could improve with additional treatment.  Therefore, the Court ordered SAIF to reopen the claim and pay benefits.

The court held that the medical record easily would permit a reasonable person to find that the attending physician had prescribed treatment to bring about recovery from the injured worker’s back strain and the worker should have had his claim reopened.  The Court specifically disagreed with SAIF’s argument that it was up to the insurance company to decide if the proposed medical treatment was necessary to “cure” the injured worker’s condition

If you have questions or need help with your workers’ compensation claim, please contact the law office of Philip H. Garrow

Court of Appeals News

There has been some good news for workers from the Court of Appeals this year:

In Brown v. SAIF, 262 Or App 640 (2014), the Court held that an “otherwise compensable injury” is not defined by what conditions the insurer has accepted, but is rather “the work injury resulting from the work accident that caused the disability or need for treatment.”  The Court applied this principle  in SAIF v. Carlos-Macias, 262 Or App 629 (2014).  In Carlos-Macias, the Court said that the terms “compensable injury” and “accepted condition” are not interchangeable.  The insurer had refused to pay for a proposed diagnostic medical service, arguing that it was not needed for the “accepted conditions.”  Because the law says that injured workers are to receive medical services for the compensable injury, this includes diagnostic procedures for conditions not yet discovered.

If you have question regarding your workers’ compensation claim, please contact the law office of Philip H. Garrow

Permanent Disability

In a recent case, the Workers’ Compensation Board held that, because the insurance company had reopened the injured worker’s claim for both a new medical condition and an aggravation of a previously accepted condition, the worker was entitled to have both conditions rated for permanent disability when the claim was closed.  This resulted in a greater disability award for the injured worker. If you have questions about your on-the-job injury claim, including your possible entitlement to permanent disability benefits, contact the law office of Philip H. Garrow

Timely Reporting of Workers’ Compensation Claims

The Workers’ Compensation Board held recently that when a home-care worker told her employer that she was in the motor vehicle accident (MVA) on her way home, after finishing work, her claim was not compensable.  She told her boss some 6 months later that she had actually been in the MVA on her way to a client’s home.  Finding insufficient evidence regarding when the MVA occurred, the Board held that the worker’s claim was barred since the worker had not reported the injury withing the statutorily required 90 days.

A note to home-care workers:  Be sure to advise your employer if you get in a motor vehicle accident while coming or going from a client’s home.  All workers would be well-advised to notify your employer or supervisor of an injury or accident immediately,  even if you don’t seek medical treatment right away.  Failure to promptly report a claim may defeat your right to benefits under the Oregon Workers’ Compensation Act.

If you have questions regarding your workers’ compensation claim,contact the law office of Philip H. Garrow

Can a Chiropractor Serve as an Attending Physician?

The Oregon Workers’ Compensation Act is a very complex piece of  legislation.  The law restricts which doctors may act as “Attending Physicians.”  In a recent case, the Workers’ Compensation Board held that an injured worker’s aggravation claim was invalid because it was signed by a chiropractor, who was not  authorized to serve as the “attending physician.”  The Board noted that a chiropractor can serve as an “attending physician” for a cumulative total of 60 days from the first visit on the initial claim or for a cumulative total of 18 visits, whichever occurs first. In this case the Board found that since more than 60 days had expired from the injured worker’s first visit to the chiropractor, the chiropractor was not statutorily authorized to serve as an “attending physician.”  As a consequence the chiropractor’s determination that his patient had a worsened condition was not considered valid.  If you have questions about your attending physician or chiropractic care for a work-related injury, contact the law office of Philip H. Garrow